Minnesota reports first West Nile virus case of the season
Minnesota's first human case this season of West Nile virus was reported Thursday. State health officials said the man, from Murray County, became ill with West Nile fever earlier this month and is recovering.
This time of year is a high-risk season for West Nile virus, said David Neitzel, a state Health Department epidemiologist specializing in diseases carried by mosquitoes.
"The species of mosquito that transmits the virus to humans is most abundant in July and August," said Neitzel in a news release. "Mosquito repellents used during outdoor activities at dusk and dawn can prevent this potentially severe disease."
About one out of 150 people bitten by a West Nile virus-infected mosquito will develop central nervous system disease (encephalitis or meningitis). Approximately 10 percent of people with this severe form of infection die from their illness, and survivors can suffer from long-term nervous system problems.
Most people bitten by infected mosquitoes develop West Nile fever, the less severe form of disease, or fight off the virus without any symptoms.
Illness from West Nile virus can occur in residents throughout Minnesota and among all age groups. However, the risk is greatest in western and central counties, which typically have the greatest number of Culex tarsalis mosquitoes, the primary mosquito carrier of the virus in Minnesota.
Elderly people or people with weakened immune systems face the highest risk of developing more severe or even fatal illness from a West Nile virus infection. "They need to be especially diligent about protecting themselves from mosquitoes," Neitzel said.
People can reduce their chance of West Nile virus infection by using mosquito repellents at dusk and dawn when these mosquitoes are most active.
Other important steps to prevent mosquito bites and potential illness from the virus include minimizing outdoor activities at dusk and dawn, as this is prime feeding time for West Nile virus-carrying mosquitoes.