Trouble-making students must appear before Ojibwe elders at Fond du Lac
CLOQUET - Instead of standing before a panel of administrators, troublemakers and truants at the Fond du Lac Ojibwe School join a traditional circle of elders, where voices are heard and lessons are stressed.
The elder circle at the Fond du Lac Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Ojibwe School, in its third year, has helped raise attendance rates and lower bullying incidents, school staff members say.
"The kids respect the fact that the school is doing this," said Mel Buckholtz, behavior management facilitator at the school. "They understand the circle."
A need to improve behavior and meet federally mandated No Child Left Behind attendance rates led the school to try the traditional Anishinaabe way of elders guiding the young down "the good path."
Six elders were recruited, and each went through training on restorative justice and elder circles, funded by an Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Grant. In 2½ years, the circle has met with students between 120 and 140 times, some more than once.
The elders are uniquely prepared to deal with troubled students and offer them solutions to help make better choices, they say.
"We've all had incidents in our lives (to draw upon) and experiences to bring forth," said Patti Goward, a member of the circle. "We've raised children and grandchildren."
Students in grades seven through 12 are brought to the circle for fights, truancy, alcohol and drug violations and other conflicts. Depending on which Anishinaabe core values have been compromised, discipline might involve doing things that help the community or those they hurt. Students write apology letters and research papers, do community service and sign compacts, along with punishments set forth by the school's handbook. Core values include honoring the creator, elders, plants, animals and women and showing kindness, courage and moderation in thought, words and deeds.
"If we don't teach them our values to follow the right path, they'll go the wrong way," said circle member MaryAnn Blacketter.
Parents are encouraged to join the circle to help bring the lessons home. The circle starts with the practice of smudging, in which burning sage is presented to each person for purification. Blacketter said it's a practice that also calms angry students. An eagle feather with a beaded handle is passed to each who wishes to speak during the discussion. Students aren't required to speak during the circle, which can be emotional, members say. The group spares students judgment, Buckholtz said, focusing on where a student lacks balance and how to correct that.
If students have problems getting to school, the circle has given out alarm clocks and calendars.
While more serious gang activity at the school leads to expulsion with no visit to the circle, some gang members have come before them. They aren't allowed to wear gang colors or show gang signs in school without repercussions, Blacketter said, and the circle is adamant about those rules.
"It's like, 'Which family do you want to belong to? ... If you want to belong to a gang family, I feel bad for you, but goodbye,'" Blacketter said.
Since the inception of the circle, the elders, who often go into classrooms to tell stories and spend time with students, have noticed hallways filled more with harmony than disruption. In the first year, they saw many students come before the circle repeatedly. That has lessened, members say.
"There is an awareness ... you see changes," Buckholtz said. "Kids are being more respectful ... trying to live life the right way."
While the approach to helping students is unique, the issues the group sees are not, Blacketter said.
"All kids want to know where the edge is," she said. "They want to know we're here so they don't go over the edge, but they're going to push us as far as they can go."