Bemidji among 12 Minnesota communities selected for dementia program
BEMIDJI, Minn. -- It is estimated 650 residents of Beltrami County have dementia.
There are 5,837 people 65 or older in Beltrami County, according to 2012 estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau, and statistics indicate one in nine people in that age group has dementia. That increases to one in three for people 85 and older.
A newly formed action team is working to identify strategies to help make Bemidji more dementia-friendly by becoming a more informed, safe and respectful community for people with Alzheimer's or dementia.
Bemidji has been named one of 12 action communities for ACT on Alzheimer's, a Minnesota initiative aimed at preparing the state for the impacts of Alzheimer's and dementia. ACT on Alzheimer's estimates that 88,000 Minnesotans 65 and older have Alzheimer's -- and that number is growing.
ACT on Alzheimer's uses a four-phase process -- forming the action team, assessing the community, analyzing needs and developing a plan to implement its goals.
Another northern Minnesota community already has been through the process. Walker was named a pilot program two years ago. The Cass County city had previously been designated as a dementia-friendly community through a different, but similar, program.
So Walker -- the only rural community in Minnesota to be named a pilot program for ACT for Alzheimer's -- already had much of the legwork done.
"With the toolkit that ACT had given us, it really was a nice transition to make," said team lead Melanie Deegan, general manager at May Creek Senior Living in Walker. "Using the ACT toolkit, we were then able to assess our community and really find out where those needs are."
Walker is now preparing to implement two strategies. The first involves the creation of a resource guide, one that will be printed as a hard copy and made available online. It will bring together in one place all of the applicable agencies and contacts that could provide assistance for caregivers and people with dementia.
The second strategy is a larger, community education initiative, wherein local businesses would be educated about Alzheimer's and dementia. Businesses would then be deemed dementia-friendly and given a logo indicating management and employees have been trained in dealing with people who may have dementia.
Work toward the second strategy has not yet begun, Deegan said, noting that with Walker being a tourist center, summer is not the ideal time to approach local businesses about additional training or programming. That will come later in the year, when tourism slows.
She said the community is already aware of its ACT on Alzheimer's goals, thanks in large part to the more than 70 surveys and assessments done with businesses, government agencies, caregivers and individuals.
"That alone was enough to pique people's interest and get their antennas up," Deegan said.
The Walker action team, which began meeting in June 2012, has been sharing its experiences and successes, speaking with other communities and anyone interested in learning more about the program.
"That has been really nice, to give them our input and the toolkit," Deegan said. "It really doesn't matter what size your community is, it's going to work."
The action team in Bemidji began meeting monthly this spring, with participants ranging from health care professionals to caregivers to service providers.
Northwoods Caregivers -- a nonprofit that offers services to help seniors and those with disabilities remain at home -- is coordinating the project locally after it received a grant funding the 18-month process.
"For the most part, I think that when someone is in a store or somewhere else in the community and someone finds out that they have dementia, they're probably treated pretty well, but it never hurts to get more information out there," said Carol Priest, a caregiver advocate with Northwoods Caregivers.
The action team will soon move into the assessment phase, which will likely begin in fall, when businesses and individuals will be surveyed to identify community strengths, as well as any gaps.
She speculated there may be areas for improvement in keeping people in their homes longer, or in making facilities more equipped to deal with advanced stages or to care for those who have behavioral issues as well.
"Being a relatively small community, it's hard to have everything that would be needed," she said.
Priest said she thinks there may be a need for a support group, but one not geared toward caregivers as much as people with dementia or Alzheimer's. The memory loss support group is a good place for caregivers to find connections, but not for those with the disease.
As news of the initiative has spread, Priest said the response has been well-received.
"It's been very positive," she said. "People don't always have the time to get involved, but they're very interested in the project. They think it's a great idea."
Warning signs of Alzheimer’s
For details on these signs and how they differ from normal age-related changes, offered by the Alzheimer's Association, visit alz.org/10signs.
- Memory loss that disrupts daily life, such as forgetting recently learned information or important dates or events.
- Challenges in planning or solving problems, such as keeping track of bills or following a recipe.
- Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, work or leisure.
- Confusion with time or place.
- Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships.
- New problems with words in speaking or writing.
- Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps.
- Decreased or poor judgement.
- Withdrawal from work or social activities.
- Changes in mood and personality.