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Minnesota deer facts

Deer: The Animal

• Adult female white-tailed deer weigh about 145 lbs., males 170 lbs.

• The biggest white-tailed deer ever recorded was a 500-pound Minnesota buck.

• A whitetail's home range is about one square mile.

• Minnesota's deer population is about 1 million deer. Texas is No. 1 with 4.7 million deer.

Deer: Hunting

• Last year, 32 percent of Minnesota firearm hunters successfully harvested a deer.

• About 49 percent were antlered bucks.

• 70 percent of Minnesota's firearms deer harvest typically occurs during the first three or four days of the season.

• The average hunter spends five days afield during Minnesota's firearms deer season.

• Last year's total deer harvest was 195,000.

• License options allow hunters to buy individual licenses for all the seasons now give hunters more choices in where and when they can hunt deer, and hunters can take as many as five deer in many parts of the state.

• Minnesota has averaged deer harvested 241,000 deer over the last five years. Wisconsin is No. 1 with an average harvest of almost 450,000.

• The largest typical whitetail buck ever taken in Minnesota had a Boone & Crockett score of 202; shot by John Breen in 1918 near Funkley, Minn.

• Minnesota's No. 1 nontypical whitetail buck had 43 points; shot by 17-year-old Mitch Vakoch in 1974. A deer recently taken on the Camp Ripley archery hunt may exceed the record.

Deer: Licenses

• In total, more than 800,000 deer hunting licenses and permits (all types) were sold in 2009.

• Ninty-eight percent of deer licenses are sold to Minnesota residents.

• The DNR Information Center remained open two hours later on the day before last year's deer opener to answer more than 2,000 telephone inquiries, most of them related to the firearms opener.

Deer: Economics

• 475,000 deer hunters in Minnesota.

• Retail sales - $260 million.

• Overall economic impact - $458 million.

• Salaries, wages, business owner income - $151 million.

• State and local tax revenue - $33 million.

• Number of directly supported jobs - 5,300.

• Economic impact is greatest in Greater Minnesota.

Top 10 Hunter Violations

• License not in possession

• Transport uncased or loaded firearm

• No license

• Hunt over bait

• Unplugged shotgun

• No red/blaze orange

• Untagged

• Fail to have HIP certification on license

• Fail to validate

• Trespass