A story commemorating the life and work of Detroit Lakes native Roger Bond Martin graced the front page of the Star Tribune newspaper's Variety section last Saturday, Feb. 13.

Titled, “Landscape architect led by listening,” the story is a complimentary piece about Martin, a 1954 Detroit Lakes High School graduate and Laker football star who went on to become a Professor Emeritus and, to quote the first line of the article, “one of the most influential American landscape architects of the past 50 years.”

Roger Bond Martin helped found the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of Minnesota in
the late 1960s, and won the Rome Prize. He's pictured here in the 1990s. (Photo from the University of Minnesota Archives)
Roger Bond Martin helped found the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of Minnesota in the late 1960s, and won the Rome Prize. He's pictured here in the 1990s. (Photo from the University of Minnesota Archives)

Martin is best remembered in Detroit Lakes as a leader of the Laker football team in the early 1950s -- an era that has been referred to as the ‘glory days’ of Laker football. He then played football for the University of Minnesota during his undergraduate studies there.

Not as well known locally is that Martin went on to Harvard after that, attaining his master’s degree in landscape architecture, and then enjoyed a long and illustrious career in the field. He won the Rome Prize, “one of the world’s most elite arts and design fellowships,” the Star Tribune article states, and helped found the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of Minnesota.

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The article was brought to the Detroit Lakes Tribune’s attention by Tom Fritz, a longtime local dentist, now retired, who remembers Martin fondly and thought the story would be a good one to share with Detroit Lakes readers.

Fritz was several years younger than Martin, but knew him from Lakes Sport Shop, where Martin worked a part-time job in high school and Fritz would sometimes go as a kid to help with dusting and other odd jobs. The two also grew up in the same neighborhood.

“The guy was a straight arrow,” Fritz laughed, explaining that “even in a time when there were a lot of rough and tumble guys around here,” Martin was never one to cuss.

Jerry Fox remembers that about Martin, too. He played side-by-side with Martin on the Laker football team, and says he knew him well.

“When he’d get mad, he’d say, ‘Gee whiz,’” recalled Fox with a chuckle. “He was just a wonderful guy… But a terror on the football field.”

Martin was a co-captain of the team his senior year, and an instrumental force during the undefeated 1953 season. After his college years and a stint at the University of California-Berkeley, he returned to Minnesota in 1966, settling in the Minneapolis area.

Martin's 1960s design for the Vincent-Murphy Courtyard at the University of Minnesota exemplified landscape modernism, with exposed concrete, rough-cut stone, and water in a sunken setting. 
(Photo from the University of Minnesota Archives, circa 1972)
Martin's 1960s design for the Vincent-Murphy Courtyard at the University of Minnesota exemplified landscape modernism, with exposed concrete, rough-cut stone, and water in a sunken setting. (Photo from the University of Minnesota Archives, circa 1972)

Fox said he saw Martin only “about a half dozen times” in all the years after high school, running into him at school reunions and such. Until the story in the Star Tribune came out, he never knew the extent of Martin’s professional accomplishments -- and he suspects that hardly anybody else around here ever knew, either. Martin was known for being soft-spoken and humble.

“He was a very unassuming guy,” Fox said. “A very intelligent guy. Just a very well thought of, ‘All-American’ guy.”

Martin passed away on Dec. 21.

The story published in the Star Tribune was written by Frank Edgerton Martin, a landscape architectural historian and freelance writer. It’s reprinted here in its entirety, with permission, as originally written by the author and with his original headline.

He designed the Minnesota Zoo and upgraded the Minneapolis parkway system. So why don’t we know this landscape architect’s name?

With the recent passing of Roger Bond Martin, Minnesota lost its greatest teacher of landscape architecture and one of the most influential American landscape architects of the past 50 years.

The Harvard-trained Martin helped found the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of Minnesota in the late 1960s, and went on to teach generations of landscape architects. He also won the Rome Prize, one of the world’s most elite arts and design fellowships.

Martin’s renovation of the roughly 50-mile Grand Rounds parkway system in the Twin Cities included designated bike lanes, which were rare at the time. He also led the design of the Minnesota Zoo, which was revolutionary for placing animals in their native northern landscapes.

And yet, few Minnesotans know his name, even though he designed projects that have defined not only the metro area, but the entire state.

Roger Martin’s masterplan for the Minnesota Zoo shows the revolutionary approach he took in experiencing cold climate animal species in their native settings. (Photo Courtesy of Dewey Thorbeck)
Roger Martin’s masterplan for the Minnesota Zoo shows the revolutionary approach he took in experiencing cold climate animal species in their native settings. (Photo Courtesy of Dewey Thorbeck)

He grew up in Detroit Lakes with a mother who taught music, and went on to serve as a lineman on the Gopher football team in the late 1950s. Architect Duane Thorbeck met Roger Martin in 1961 when they worked at Cerny Associates, then a leading Minnesota architecture firm that spawned a generation of modern designers. Over the next 50 years, Thorbeck’s and Martin’s careers overlapped as designers, professors and business partners.

In 1962, they both won the Rome Prize and spent a year living near the American Academy in Rome, each with his own studio and creative projects. Martin, who was accompanied by his wife, Janis, had a gift for sketching — a talent that likely helped to land him the Rome fellowship and that he applied for the rest of his life in teaching and designing.

After Rome, Martin became an assistant professor at the University of California-Berkeley, teaching landscape architecture at a time when West Coast landscape architects were forging a new regional style that emphasized outdoor living, water, pathways and textured concrete. (One of Martin’s colleagues was Lawrence Halprin, who later designed the original Nicollet Mall.)

Multi-Disciplinary Design

Martin’s drawings often emphasized space and volume, as seen here in his sketch of the Pyramid of the Magician in the Mayan city of Uxmal.  (Photo from the University of Minnesota)
Martin’s drawings often emphasized space and volume, as seen here in his sketch of the Pyramid of the Magician in the Mayan city of Uxmal. (Photo from the University of Minnesota)

In 1966, Ralph Rapson, celebrated dean of the U’s School of Architecture, invited Martin back to Minnesota to found the Department of Landscape Architecture.

“Even though Roger was a landscape architect,” Thorbeck said, “he always talked about design as a way to make linkages between buildings and sites. He designed and taught to consider the whole environment and to work in collaboration with other fields.”

In 1968, Martin, Thorbeck, graphic designer Peter Seitz and systems analyst Stephen Kahne founded InterDesign Inc. The innovative, interdisciplinary firm became a model for bringing designers from many disciplines to collaborate on projects.

Martin also designed and planned many of downtown’s first riverfront parks. Next to the historic Durkee-Atwood plant on Nicollet Island, Martin and his former student and business partner Marjorie Pitz designed riverbank walking paths and a green open amphitheater still in use today. He planned more trails along SE. Main Street and along the old rail corridor separating downtown Minneapolis from the river.

“Roger’s quiet influence in transforming industrial areas as parks was astonishing,” said Pitz.

Thanks to his advocacy, “the Minneapolis Park Board purchased and developed land for continuous public use of the riverfront.”

His early advocacy helped to save the Stone Arch Bridge as a public walkway, Pitz said.

A Teaching Legacy

Martin's sketch of the rustic gazebo at Honeywood, his family's land and cabin on the Apple River. (Photo from the University of Minnesota)
Martin's sketch of the rustic gazebo at Honeywood, his family's land and cabin on the Apple River. (Photo from the University of Minnesota)

While Martin was a passionate advocate for landscape architecture, he was at heart a teacher who taught students how to design through problem-solving.

Robert Sykes, a student of Martin’s who later became a colleague, said that often “in studios and classes, the professors would gather to critique student work and Roger would say nothing, just listening and quietly sketching. Eventually he would share his comments through the sketch, not being negative about the students’ work, but talking about what it could be.”

Jean Garbarini, now a principal at DF/Damon Farber Landscape Architects, recalls that “Roger could tell you that your design was awful, but in a nice way. On the spot, he could make a quick sketch to steer you into a new kind of thinking.”

Martin taught his students far more than the drawing, ecological and construction knowledge they would need to become registered landscape architects. He taught them the core values of collaborating, listening and designing not for art but for people.

Hundreds of Martin’s students went on to shape the Twin Cities and the profession nationwide and abroad.

“The landscape architectural work accomplished by his students was his greatest satisfaction,” said Pitz. “Roger’s way of changing the world was teaching students who would change the world.”

Frank Edgerton Martin is a landscape architectural historian, preservation planner and journalist.